Tourism / Cyprus / Nicosia
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Nicosia



Nicosia - a unique city, because it is at once divided capital of two states - the Republic of Cyprus, where the Greeks lived, and Northern Cyprus, which has a population Turks make up. In addition, it is one of the oldest cities in the world, because the first settlements in the picturesque Mezhgore Mesaoria dating back the 7th century BC. Nicosia - is a city of fusion of the two cultures and the peaceful coexistence of the past and present. In Nicosia, the island is home to a third of the population, however, is to breathe as easily as anywhere in the vast plains of Cyprus. Fans will enjoy the wonderful trips to the museums of the city, has repeatedly recognized the best in Europe, gourmets enjoy Balkan, Greek and Turkish cuisine and hedonists of all ages and nationalities come to the delight of the ancient Byzantine baths and a modern spa.

A little history

Initially a small settlement had the name Ledra later the town was renamed in honor of the son of the Egyptian ruler Ptalimeya, reigned in these parts, and over time the Greeks began to call him in his own way - Lefkosia. Throughout its long history the city many times destroyed almost to the ground, but over and over again revived and grew larger. The most actively Nicosia began to develop in the 10th century, when the city took over the French feudal lords - Lusignans. In the Middle Ages these lands came the Venetians, they have made a huge contribution to the development of the city and gave it a special status. Their stay is evidenced by the many Catholic churches in the Gothic style and a unique defensive wall - architectural decoration of the city that has survived until now.

Today Nicosia is the administrative and business center of the island, here are all the government offices and the central offices of large companies and financial institutions. In addition, Nicosia is the cultural capital of Cyprus, is a huge number of museums, galleries and exhibition halls, as well as architectural landmarks.

How to get to Nicosia

After the division of the city of Nicosia International Airport has ceased to work, but only 40 kilometers and an hour away from the center is Larnaca Airport, which arrive flights from most European cities. From Larnaca Airport to Nicosia can be reached by regular bus-shuttle. Travel time - about half an hour.

Significantly more of the city, 140 kilometers, there is the Paphos airport - but from him already have to get their own. Moreover, in Nicosia port ferries from Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, several Greek Cypriot and two cities - Limassol and Larnaca.

Transport Nicosia

Although most Nicosia stretched for many kilometers, the distance between the main historical attractions of the city are small, and almost all can get around on foot. On long distances, you can move on municipal buses - they are very inexpensive, but not very convenient: frequent cancellation of routes, and most do not have air conditioning. Also in Nicosia is possible to drive a taxi, you will need to make sure that the meter was turned on during landing.

Taxis in Nicosia do not have a distinctive color and can be literally all kinds. Learn "a hired" the car can be on the plate with the letter "T" and the number.

Climate Nicosia

Entertainment, excursions and attractions in Nicosia

The main architectural attractions of Nicosia is considered to be Laiki Gethin - one of the quarters in the old town. More recently, it conducted a large-scale reconstruction, as a result of which it was possible to recreate the unique atmosphere of the last century. There are old houses along the paved cozy streets, so narrow that they can be used to make only walking. They housed many bars and retro-style restaurants serving dishes of national cuisine, prepared according to old recipes, and to them - amazing Cypriot wine.

In general, the old town amazes with its magnificence, there reigns a completely different life than in the downtown area, where there are modern shopping malls, trendy night clubs and expensive restaurants, but the old bazaars, souvenir and antique shops, as well as the picturesque tavernas. In this part of the city are full of solemn grandeur of the Cathedral of St. John, where the preserved frescoes, the Church of Faneromeni and Hrisaliniotissa and created in the best traditions of oriental luxury Selimiye Mosque. And all of this is enclosed by an ancient wall, with the lovely fortified gates, which are recognized by the best restored sites of antiquity in Europe.


Nicosia

In addition, in Nicosia has ancient oriental palace, which was also carried out the restoration and re-created the one unthinkable luxury which prevailed in the homes of notable Turks. Not far from the historic center is the old oriental bazaar where they sell all kinds of spices, household items and handmade textiles. And in the neighborhood of artisans offers unique items made of clay, wood and metal, which will make just before your eyes. Also nearby is the Buyuk Han, a kind of oriental complex on the patio with colorful cafes, souvenir shops and a coffee house.

Certainly worth a visit and numerous museums - Archaeological, Municipal, the Art Museum of jewelry - where are a lot of interesting exhibits, many of which were created long before our era. Of particular note is the Museum of decorative arts and crafts, where the collected history and shows the life of the whole island.

Where to stay: in a fun Limassol or never sleeping Ayia Napa, Larnaca budget or luxury Paphos, in the ultra-quiet Polis or Protaras family; as an option - in Northern Cyprus, Kyrenia or Famagusta. What to see: monasteries of Troodos, the city of North Cyprus - Kyrenia and Famagusta, or take a cruise to Jerusalem or Cairo. You may also be interested in Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro. The most popular towns and resorts of the country: Ayia Napa, Larnaca, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos.